Tops about the Anthocyanins contained in black wolfberry

Anthocyanins, also known as anthocyanins, is a kind of natural water-soluble pigment widely found in plants. It is a class of biological flavonoids. But it is also the main plant petals in the main coloring in petals, the colorful fruits, vegetables and flowers are all influenced by it. In one sentence, black wolfberry’s brightness and color is caused by anthocyanins.

Anthocyanins exist in the vacuoles of plant cells and can be transformed from chlorophyll. Under different pH conditions in plant cells, the petals show different colors.Soluble sugar increased in Autumn, the cells are acidic, in acidic conditions anthocyanins appear red or purple, so the petals are red, purple is the fucntion of anthocyanins,the darkness of its color is positively correlated with the content of its anthocyanin. it can be quickly determined by spectrophotometer,it appears blue under alkaline conditions. The color of anthocyanins is affected by many factors, low temperature, hypoxia and phosphorus deficiency and other adverse environment will promote the formation and accumulation of anthocyanins. Natural conditions of the free state of the anthocyanins are rare, mainly in the form of glycosides, anthocyanins is often with one or more glucose, rhamnose, galactose, arabinose and other glycosidic bonds through the formation of anthocyanins. So the sweeter it taste, the better the black wollberry is, for those that taste acid and bitter, anthocyanin content will not be high.

So one important way to distinguish good and bad black wolfberry is to tastes, the sweeter, the more anthocyanins!

Procyanidins (PC), also a biological organism with a special molecular structure. Generally red brown powder, gas micro, taste astringent, soluble in water and most organic solvents, according to the size of the degree of polymerization, usually two ~ pentamer known as oligomeric procyanidins (referred to as OPC), the pentamer above For high procyanidins (PPC).

Anthocyanins and procyanidins are not really a substance, but the relationship between the two is not simple: they both belong to the biological flavonoids, and anthocyanins can be aggregated into proanthocyanidins, proanthocyanidins can be decomposed into anthocyanins. And, proanthocyanidins can also continue to polymerize the formation of proanthocyanidins, magical nature. Although the three are not the same material, but the structure is similar, similar function, are currently recognized as the free radicals to remove the most effective natural antioxidants. The latest study shows that anthocyanins can prevent hepatitis C virus replication, is currently found in the most potent free radical scavenger, has a very strong in vivo activity.

Black wolfberry and other products rich in anthocyanins

Black wolfberry is black fruit wolfberry, categorized to solanaceae wolfberry,multi-prickly shrub, with more hard branches, the branches often appears the Z curved shape,and white. Black wolfberry is found the natural plant with highest content of anthocyanins. and with the highest quality, it’s easy to get aborbed by human body,it known as “the king of anthocyanins.”

Difference between Black and Red wolfberry

black wolfberry
black wolfberry

Black wolfberry are wild,with smaller sized fruits, it’s ellipse and black, sugar content is very low. It tastes just slightly sweet when directly chew it.
Red wolfberry
Red wolfberry

diabetic patients can also be assured to eat it. Red wolfberry flat long red fruit’s sugar content is high, it tastes sweet when you directly chew it.

Black wolfberry is rich in anthocyanins, so the soak water temperature has certain requirements, use 60 ℃ below the warm water or cold water brewing. Because anthocyanins at high temperature easy to damage, so can not boil for a long time high temperature. Black wolfberry’s nourishing is very strong, adults can be practical about 5g a day. Red wolfberry is not afraid of high temperature, you can directly chew, soaked in water, soaked wine, soup, etc., adults eat about 20g a day or so better.

Differenct between black wolfberry and white thorn fruit

Black wolfberry appears dark black, 95% of the fruits are with stalk, 5-8 seeds inside the fruit, it feels a little soft when you squeeze it with fingers, white thorn fruits have no stalks, one single seed inside the fruit, and is hard.

white thorn fruit
white thorn fruit

The color of black wolfberry tea is dark, the sugar content of which is low, the tea tastes slightly sweet. The fruits will float on water. Whereas white thorn fruit tea appears light color, its tea tastes sweet due to its hight sugar content.

Difference between black wolfberry and blueberry.

Black wolfberry appears dark black and is with stalk on each fruit. The fruit taste slightly sweet but not sour at all; Blueberry is dark purple, they are without stalks, and tastes sweet and sour.

blueberry
blueberry

The color of black wolfberry tea is dark, the sugar content of which is low, the tea tastes slightly sweet; Blueberry tea’s color is very light, and tastes sweet due to high sugar content, most of the fruits won’t float on water.

Difference between black wolfberry and dyed fruits

Dyed fruits can be easily distinguished as weel, pick out several blalck wolfberry and put them into a cup, the blue elements will appear in water like silk if it’s real black wolfberry. With dyed fruits, blue color will be released immediately and obviously once the fruits are added into the water. Another way is to check the stalks, Qinghai black wolfberry is with grey stalk, when the stalks are blue, it must be dyed.